Alien là gì

     
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What Is a Resident Alien?

A resident alien is a foreign-born United States resident who is not a U.S. citizen. A resident alien is also known as a permanent resident or a lawful permanent resident, which means they are considered an immigrant who has been legally & lawfully recorded as a resident of the country. A resident alien must have a green thẻ or pass a substantial presence demo.


A resident alien is a foreign-born, non-U.S. citizen who lives in the U.S. Resident aliens must have a green thẻ or pass a substantial presence thử nghiệm. In general, a resident alien is subject to the same taxes as a U.S. citizen.

Understanding Resident Alien

A resident alien is a foreign person who is a permanent resident of the country in which they residebut does not have sầu citizenship. To fall under this classification in the United States, a person needs to lớn either have sầu a current green thẻ or have had one in the previous calendar year.


People can also fall under the U.S. classification of resident aliens if they pass the substantial presence demo. In order to lớn bởi vì so, they musthave been in the United States for more than 31 days during the current year, along with having been in the United States for at least 183 days over a three-year period, including the current year.


According lớn the United States Citizenship và Immigration Services (USCIS), there are three types of resident alien:


Permanent resident: This is someone who has been given the lawful & legal right by the government to live sầu in the United States.Returning resident: This is any lawful permanent resident who has been outside the U.S. & is returning khổng lồ the country. This person, also known as a "special immigrant," must apply for readmission if they have been outside the U.S. for more than 180 days.

There are differences between the three types. For example, a resident alien can use foreign tax credits, whereas a non-resident cannot. A resident alien is subject lớn the same taxes as a U.S. citizen, while a non-resident alien only pays tax on domestic income that is generated within the United States, not including capital gains.

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Resident aliens are required to report worldwide income from sources both within and outside the United States. Income is reported using Form 1040. Non-resident aliens, on the other hand, report domestic income using Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ.


The U.S. Department of Homelvà Security recorded admitting 1,031,765 million new permanent residents in 2019, the most recent figure available as of Feb. 1, 2021.


Cristela Alonzo, an actress, comedian, và contributor to Time magazine penned a beautiful essay in tribute khổng lồ her late mother"s immigration journey from Mexico khổng lồ the U.S., khổng lồ getting resident alien status for both her and Alonzo"s oldest brother. She wrote of her mother"s perseverance lớn get this status for herself and her son. Both were granted resident alien citizenship, & her mother, who died when was Alonzo was 22 years old, had three natural-born citizens (one of them being Cristela), bringing the total number of her children to four.


Alonzo"s brothers became teachers, và her sister works in communications in the U.S. Alonzo is not only active sầu in the entertainment industry but also in her advocacy work (donating time & money) for many causes, including advocating for the end of detention centers where immigrants seeking asylum are being held. And she serves on the advisory board of Define American, a nonprofit truyền thông media & culture organization that "uses the power of story to transcend politics & shift the conversation about immigrants, identity, and citizenship in a changing America."  


Her work is informed and inspired by her experiences in her youth and her mother"s journey to lớn gain resident alien citizenship.


Special Considerations

It is possible khổng lồ be considered exempt from resident alien status, in which case a person does not need to lớn prove sầu compliance with the green card demo or the substantial presence kiểm tra. Situations in which a person is present in the United States on government-related issues or when a student or teacher is temporarily present in the United States are both examples of exemptions.


These exempt aliens can, depending on the situation, file for an adjustment of status, a process that allows them lớn remain in the country & khổng lồ apply to lớn become a permanent resident with resident alien status.


Frequently Asked Questions

How Is a Resident Alien Defined in the United States?

An individual is classified as a resident alien of the U.S. for tax purposes if they meet either the green thẻ thử nghiệm or the substantial presence kiểm tra for the calendar year (January 1-December 31). The green card kiểm tra states that a person needs to lớn either have a current green thẻ or have had one in the previous calendar year. The substantial presence chạy thử requires that a person has been in the U.S. for more than 31 days during the current year and 183 days during a three-year period that includes the current year và the two years prior.


What Are the Three Types of U.S. Resident Aliens?

According khổng lồ the United States Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS), there are three categories of resident alien. A permanent resident, also known as a green thẻ holder, is someone who has been given the lawful and legal right by the government to live sầu in the United States. A conditional resident is a person who receives a two-year green card, which is usually given lớn people who have sầu applied for residency based on marriage. Returning resident is any lawful permanent resident who has been outside the U.S. and is returning lớn the country. A subset of this is a "special immigrant" who must apply for readmission if they have been outside the U.S. for more than 180 days.


How Does Taxation Differ for Non-Resident & Resident Aliens?

The main difference lies in how non-resident và resident aliens are taxed. For example, a resident alien can use foreign tax credits, whereas a non-resident cannot. However, in general, a resident alien is subject to the same taxes as a U.S. citizen, while a non-resident alien only pays tax on domestic income that is generated within the U.S., not including capital gains. Resident aliens are required lớn report worldwide income from sources both within & outside the United States. Income is reported using Form 1040. Non-resident aliens, on the other h&, report domestic income using Form 1040NR or Form 1040NR-EZ.


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